If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. In 2015, the new highway connecting Haiphong with Hanoi was completed; this is the most modern highway in Vietnam and reduces the trip by one hour as compared to the previous route.[21]. In 2011, budget revenues in the city reached 47,725 billion, increase 19% compared to 2010. Haiphong cyclone, (Oct. 8, 1881), one of most catastrophic natural disasters in history and the third deadliest tropical cyclone ever recorded. Şehrin nüfusu 2016 yılı itibarıyla 2,190,788'tir. In this year, the city was founded by a female military general, Le Chan, a semi-mythical figure who had been part of a Vietnamese revolution against a Chinese force. 2,190,788. The last years of the 19th century, the French had proposed to build Haiphong into the economic capital of Indochina. A new highway route was completed last year 2016 to make the transfer faster and easier. In 2009, Haiphong state budget revenue reached 34,000 billion Vnd. Anyi gyaran ƙarshe na wannan shafi a ranar 27 Nuwamba, 2019, … update your settings [19] The gender distribution is half female (50.4%). The French took possession of Haiphong back in 1874 when it was just a small market town. Haiphong (Vietnamese: Hải Phòng, IPA: [ha᷉ːj fâwŋ͡m] (listen)), or Hai Phong, is a major industrial city, the third-largest city of Vietnam. Photo: HoangTuanAnh, CC BY-SA 3.0. Gross output has almost doubled between 2000 and 2007, mostly due to fast growth in aquaculture, which made up 60% of gross output in 2007. Hai Phong Railway Station built in 1902 is the eastern terminus of the Kunming–Hai Phong Railway, also known as the Yunnan–Vietnam Railway. History Of Haiphong Opera House During the early 20 th century, the French were building several opera houses in Vietnam, especially in any city with the European population. Haiphong is a major industrial city, the second largest city in the northern part of Vietnam, and third largest city overall in Vietnam. Under French domination, Haiphong was level 1 city, equal to Saigon and Hanoi. Major products include fish sauce, beer, cigarettes, textiles, paper, plastic pipes, cement, iron, pharmaceuticals, electric fans, motorbikes, steel pipes and ships and out-sourcing software implementation. Hai Phong, though also referred to as Haiphong is the third most important of Vietnam city after Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City.Hai Phong holds the record of being the most industrial of all Vietnam city and one … 15/63 provinces. Haiphong is one of the centers of Red River Delta economy in particular and Vietnam in general. As part of the Paris cease-fire accords of 1973, the USA agreed to help clear the mines from Haiphong Harbour – 10 US navy mine-sweepers were involved in the effort. The factory will use by-products from oil-refining and reduce reliance on imported materials. In 1888, the president of the French Third Republic, Sadi Carnot, promulgated a decree to establish Haiphong. [13] Exact time now, time zone, time difference, sunrise/sunset time and key facts for Haiphong, Vietnam. Built at by the French during their occupation, the railway once connected Haiphong to the city of Kunming in Yunnan, China, although service along the Chinese portion of the line is currently suspended. Haiphong's crude birth rate was recorded at 18.1 live births per 1000 persons vs the crude death rate of 7.6 per 1000 persons. At the eve of the French conquest in 1881, a typhoon ravaged the area, killing about 300,000 people in and around Haiphong. One of the most immediate causes of the Franco-Viet Minh War was the infamous French bombardment of the ‘native quarters’ of Haiphong in 1946, in which hundreds of civilians were killed and injured. British Council started delivering English language training to around 600 future Vietnamese leaders a year at our residential centre at Do Son, Haiphong. Also shorten the distance from Haiphong to Thai Binh, Hai Duong, Hung Yen. Tourists can easily catch a coach from Niem Nghia bus station to Hanoi or Cat Ba island, either Quang Ninh, or South of Vietnam. Hi there, By the 19th century at the end of Nguyễn Emperor Tự Đức's reign, the Hang Kenh Communal House in what is now the city's Le Chan District was made the administrative seat of An Dương District, restoring its regional importance. [3] Hai Phong is also the center of technology, economy, culture, medicine, education, science and trade in the Red River delta. This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 17:36. PetroVietnam set up a joint-venture PVTex with textile manufacturer Vinatex to build Vietnam's first polyester fiber plant in Haiphong. History, Haiphong (Vietnam). The Port of Haiphong on the Cấm River is divided into three main docks: Hoang Dieu (Central terminal) located near the city's center, Chua Ve, and Dinh Vu both farther downstream to the east. Today, Haiphong is still one of the most important economic centers of Vietnam. [20], As of the 2009 census, Haiphong's average annual population growth rate was given as 4.0%. (Redirected from 1881 Haiphong Typhoon) The 1881 Haiphong typhoon was a typhoon that struck Haiphong, in French Indochinese Tonkin (now Vietnam), and the northern part of the Captaincy General of the Philippines (now the Philippines) on October 8, 1881. [15] Bach Long Vi island, Cat Ba Island and the Long Châu islands, located in the Gulf, are also administered as part of the city. Haiphong was founded in 1887 as a seaport province by colonists during French colonial rule. After the Haiphong mining, the port was closed for 327 days. An gina birnin Haiphong a shekara ta 1887. It rarely makes anyones list of places to visit in Vietnam, but if you have time it’s worth a detour. by clicking the Privacy policy link at the bottom of the page. The city developed rapidly, becoming a major port. Haiphong (Vietnamese: Hải Phòng, IPA: [ha᷉ːj fâwŋ͡m ] ( listen )) is a major industrial city, the second largest city in the northern part of Vietnam, and third largest city overall in Vietnam. Heavy industry was a natural choice thanks to its proximity to coal supplies. U.S. Admiral Thomas H. Moorer ordered the mining of Haiphong harbor on 8 May 1972, effectively sealing the port. Series Description. All rights reserved. In April, 2011 Vietnam Airlines launched routes to Da Nang with 5 flights a week. [4] The area by then had developed into a sizable commercial port. Hai Phong is also the center of technology, economy, culture, medicine, education, science and trade in Red River delta. In retaliation, the French ships, among them the cruiser Suffren, shelled the city, setting it ablaze[5] and precipitating the First Indochina War. There are daily trains start from 6AM until 6PM from Hai Phong city to the capital Hanoi and return. From 2005 to now, Haiphong always in the top 5 of the provinces contributing to the most state budget after Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi and Ba Ria Vung Tau. No part of this site may be reproduced without our written permission. Nam Định Province and Thái Bình Province have much larger fishing sectors and even the inland Hải Dương Province has a larger gross output from fishing than Haiphong.[17]. In May 1972 President Nixon ordered the mining of Haiphong Harbour to cut the flow of Soviet military supplies to North Vietnam . Haiphong features a humid subtropical climate, with hot, humid summers and warm, dry winters. From Hanoi to Haiphong and back, it takes less than 2 hours to reach not so long as 3 hours as before. In the ranking of the Provincial Competitiveness Index (PCI) 2013 of Vietnam, Haiphong city ranked at No. Haiphong is striving to become one of the largest commercial centers of the country. What to see and do in Haiphong Haiphong City Museum. The Vietnam’s textile started developing in 1958 in Northern and in 1970 in Southern. Haiphong port is one of the largest ports in Vietnam and south-east Asia as a whole. Infant mortality rate was measured at 11.8 infant deaths per 1000 live births, just over two points above the nation's average for urban areas. 112,600 industrial jobs were created between 2000 and 2007. © Haiphong came under US air and naval attack between 1965 and 1972. [14] In 2015, total revenues of the city reached 56 288 billion. I want emails from Lonely Planet with travel and product information, promotions, advertisements, third-party offers, and surveys. The main airport serving Haiphong is Cat Bi International Airport with three flights daily to Ho Chi Minh city. Life expectancy at birth was estimated at 77.1 years for women and 72.0 years for men, or 74.5 years overall. Haiphong has relationship of trading goods with more than 40 countries and territories around the world. Despite its coastal location, sea fish contribute relatively little to the sector (around one fourth). The typhoon was first detected east of Southern Luzon on September 27, 1881. [18] 270,600 people were employed in Haiphong's industry. The pair, born sometime around the dawn of modern history (1 A.D.), were the daughters of a Vietnamese nobleman and military general in the area near Hanoi, and after the death of Trac's husband, she and her sister raised an army to resist and reclaim freedom for Vietnam, thousands of years before it gained its modern independence. Sea temperatures range from a low of 21 °C (70 °F) in February to a high of 30 °C (86 °F) during the months of July and August.[11]. Haiphong came under US air and naval attack between 1965 and 1972. Centuries later under the Mạc Dynasty, the area earned the appellation Hải-dương thương-chính quan-phòng (海陽商政關房 / "The trading defensive area of Hải Dương Province") as it protected the eastern flank of Mac kings' home province. Haiphong, Vietnam - Hourly past weather, almanac for Haiphong including historical temperature, wind, rain, pressure and humidity stats | WorldWeatherOnline.com Realtime weather, 14 day weather forecast, historical weather at Haiphong Historical Weather Haiphong Opera House is a French-built neoclassical opera house on Opera Square in Hai Phong, which was opened in 1912. Haiphong, Vietnam 'ın kuzeyinde yer alan önemli endüstri şehirlerindendir. City Square in Haiphong. [17] Most of these industries have been growing significantly between 2000 and 2007, with the exceptions of the cigarette and pharmaceutical industries. [17] Other agricultural products include maize, sugar and peanuts. People’s Committee headquarter is located at 18 Hoang Dieu Street. Its warmest months, June and July, sees average high temperatures hover around 33 °C (91 °F) and average low temperatures at around 26 °C (79 °F). This 13 part series covers the history of Vietnam from France's colonial control, through the 1945 revolution, to the 1975 U.S. evacuation from Saigon and the years beyond. There is a noticeable difference in temperatures between the city's winters and summers. When the country was invaded by the French, the city became France's main naval base in Indochina. Hai Phong is, in many visitors’ opinion, the ‘real’ Vietnam and reminds them of Hanoi, Vietnam’s capital many years back and only about two and a half hours away by bus. Although, they used rudimentary tools but clothes had full of sophisticated technology and high value. Doosan Vina Haiphong is maintaining its constant efforts to become a global leader in plant equipment. Haiphong is a major economic center of the North in particular and Vietnam in general both. Haiphong was the only harbor mined on May 9, but beginning on May 11 mines were dropped and activated at 10 other ports: Thanh Hoa, Dong Hoi, Vinh, Hon Gai, Quang Khe, Cam … Centuries later under the Mạc Dynasty, the area earned the appellation Hải-dương thương-chính quan-phòng (海陽商政關房 / "The trading defensive area of Hải Dương Province") as it protected the eastern flank of Mac kings' home province. Sở tư pháp , Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975 Haiphong is the third most populous city in Vietnam, with a population of 2.103.500 for the metropolitan area (2015), encompassing an area of 1,507.57 km², 46,1 % of population reside in the urban districts. This continues to be sponsored by Program 165, of Communist Party of Vietnam. Rail travel from Haiphong with connections to the rest of the Vietnamese railway network is via Hanoi. However, these sectors still account for almost a third of total employment in Haiphong, a larger share than industry. The cyclone smashed into the Gulf of Tonkin, setting off tidal waves that flooded the city of Haiphong in northeastern Vietnam, caused widespread destruction, and killed an estimated 300,000 inhabitants. The trains take approximately 3 hours to arrive to Hanoi as well as the same period back to the landport city. I can unsubscribe any time using the unsubscribe link at the end of all emails. It borders Quảng Ninh Province to the north, Hải Dương Province to the west, Thái Bình Province to the south, and the Gulf of Tonkin to the east. The Haiphong Incident or the Haiphong Massacre occurred on November 23, 1946, when the French cruiser Suffren bombarded the Vietnamese coastal city of Haiphong, killing some 6,000 Vietnamese people. In the same census, the city's out-migration was 1.9% vs in-migration of 2.8% and, for a net migration rate of 0.9%. Haiphong city includes 7 districts, 6 suburban districts and two islands (228 communal units, 70 districts, 10 towns and 148 communes). Haiphong was one of Vietnam's principal ports and trading centers. The Haiphong Incident occurred on November 23, 1946 when the French cruiser Suffren bombarded the Vietnamese coastal city of Haiphong overnight, killing 6,000 Vietnamese people. Vietnam'ın 3. büyük şehridir. Lonely Planet. It became a leading industrial centre powered by coal from the mines across the Gulf of Tonkin at Quang Ninh. The city is noticeably wetter from April through October; roughly 90% of the city's annual precipitation (which is approximately 1600 mm of rainfall) typically falls during these months. And Hai Phong was chosen as an excellent place for building an opera house as in the 20 th century, this northern port town had roughly 16,000 residents in which thousands of residents were … The Soviet freighter Mtsensk underway to Haiphong, North Vietnam, with a deck cargo of cranes, barges and other heavy equipment, 7 November … Haiphong (da harshen Vietnam: Hải Phòng) birni ne, da ke a ƙasar Vietnam. Haiphong (Vietnamese: Hải Phòng, IPA: [ha᷉ːj fâwŋ͡m] ()), or Hai Phong, is a major industrial city, the third-largest city of Vietnam. Haiphong was the home of Lê Chân, one of the female generals under the command of the Trưng Sisters who rose against Chinese rule in 40 AD and ruled until their defeat in 43 AD. 2018 [17] However, gross output in both agriculture and fishery have been growing significantly between 2000 and 2007. Hai Phong is also the center of technology, economy, culture, medicine, education, science and trade in the northern coast of Vietnam. From 1954 to 1975, Haiphong served as the most important maritime city of North Vietnam, and it became one of direct-controlled municipalities of a reunified Vietnam with Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City in 1976. Hai Phong Tourism: Tripadvisor has 7,219 reviews of Hai Phong Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Hai Phong resource. Following the defeat of Japan in World War II, Vietnamese nationalists agitated for independence against French return. French forces landed in Haiphong and encountered resistance which resulted in the deaths of three French soldiers. Haiphong's coolest months, January and February, sees average high temperatures reach 20 °C (68 °F) and average low temperatures at around 14 °C (57 °F). In the 21st century, Haiphong has emerged as a trading gateway, modern, green industrial city of Vietnam, oriented to become the third special-class city of Vietnam by 2030 to 2050 at the latest. [20], Haiphong is located at the junction of two National Highways: Route 5, leading west to Hanoi, and Route 10, leading south to Nam Định and onward to connect with National Route 1A at Ninh Bình. Once completed this will be one of the deepest port in Vietnam with draft of 14m, capable of receiving ships up to 100.000 DWT. As part of the Paris cease-fire accords of 1973, the USA agreed to help clear the mines from Haiphong Harbour – 10 US navy mine-sweepers were involved in the effort. An international airport for Haiphong, situated in Tien Lang district, is in the planning stages; if realized it would become the largest airport in northern Vietnam. Until it was lifted, the mining caused no casualty. French build some big factories… Haiphong City International Exhibition Center, Coordinates: 20°51′54.5″N 106°41′01.8″E / 20.865139°N 106.683833°E / 20.865139; 106.683833, Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the Vietnam War, http://thongkehaiphong.gov.vn/tong-dieu-tra-dan-so-va-nha-o-nam-2019/ket-qua-so-bo-tong-dieu-tra-dan-so-va-nha-o-nam-2019-324.html, https://www.deepc.vn/en/about-vietnam/about-haiphong-lach-huyen-deep-sea-port, "Vietnam: A Television History; Interview with Thomas H. Moorer, 1981", "Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction", http://www.hoaphuongdo.vn/news/xa-hoi-cong-dong-gioi-tre-nhip-song/66811.html?task=view, "PVTex to operate first polyester fiber project early 2011", The 2009 Vietnam Population and Housing census: Major findings, Vietnam cities with a 200,000+ population, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Haiphong&oldid=1002062927, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Articles needing translation from Vietnamese Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology. [8], Late in the Vietnam War, Haiphong was subjected to heavy bombing by US Navy and Air Force strike aircraft because it was North Vietnam's only major port. we use cookies to improve your experience on our website. 2012 A contemporary French account estimated civilian deaths at more than 6000. Haiphong was the home of Lê Chân, one of the female generals under the command of the Trưng Sisters who rose against Chinese rule in 40 AD and ruled until their defeat in 43 AD. Haiphong is a coastal city located at the mouth of the Cấm River, in Vietnam's north-eastern coastal area, 120 km east of Hanoi. [17], There are also growing industries supplying products used by existing industries in the city. In Apr., 1972, in response to a major Communist drive from North Vietnam, the United States reinstituted mass bombings throughout the country; Haiphong harbor and six other North Vietnamese ports, as well as rivers and canals, were mined and effectively closed to shipping. After the war, the city recovered its role as a significant industrial center.[4]. Caffeine-aficionado heaven, the central area buzzes with dinky cafes where tables spill out onto the pavements – perfect for people watching. [16], Industry is a key sector in Haiphong including food processing, light industries and heavy industries. A connecting road from route 5 to route 18 links Haiphong with Quảng Ninh Province. Despite the damages, Haiphong was developed by the French to serve as Indochina's main naval base over the ensuing decades. From hundreds of years ago, Vietnam women knew sericulture, weaving thread into beautiful silk. Resmî site. Hai Phong is also known as a tourist hub and features good hydrofoil and ferry links to Halong Bay, … Cục thó̂ng kê , Statistical services , Administration of Criminal justice , Correspondence , Haiphong (Vietnam). The government had approved the plans to build an international port in Lach Huyen – 15 kilometers from the current port. Government plans that to 2020, Haiphong's revenues will be over 80,000 billion and the domestic revenue reach 20.000 billion. The city of Hai Phong (Haiphong) The city of Hai Phong (in Vietnamese Hải Phòng), is located in the area north of Vietnam, about 100 km from Hanoi and on the way to the Halong Bay. You can Shipbuilding, steel pipes, plastic pipes and textiles are among the industries with the most rapid growth. [9][10] Despite being targeted, the physical structure of the city was mostly unaffected by the war as the US had a self-imposed prohibition zone for the city. Within the city there are several long-distance bus depots: Niem Nghia, Cau Rao. Since the late 1970s Haiphong has ex­perienced a massive exodus, including many ethnic-Chinese refugees, who took much of the city’s fishing fleet with them. Vietnam has a centuries-old tradition of textile. It has a total natural area of 152,318.49ha (2001). As of 2007, 315,500 were employed in agriculture and fishery, a significant decrease from 396,300 in 2000. Its GDP accounted for 11.8% of the Red river delta economy in 2007. Bombing, Aerial--Vietnam; Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Campaigns; Related Terms. [17], Despite its status as a city, around one third of Haiphong's area or 52,300 ha (as of 2007) are used for agriculture. Bisa ga ƙidayar jama'a a shekarar 2016, Haiphong tana da yawan jama'a 2,190,788. Haiphong is the third largest city in Vietnam, and apart from being an industrial port city it has a historic city centre that should attract more tourists than it does. Operation Linebacker II, 1972; Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes. Contact Lonely Planet. Bombardment of Haiphong (Vietnam : … [6][7] French infantry forces under the command of Jean-Étienne Valluy entered the city, fighting house to house with the support of armored units and airplanes. Haiphong became a seaport in 1874, and through the French colonial period it developed commercially as a port and as the southeastern terminus of the railway coming through Kunming (in southwestern China), Lao Cai, and Hanoi. Haiphong was founded in 1887 as a seaport province by colonists during French colonial rule. Haiphong is subdivided into 15 district-level sub-divisions: They are further subdivided into 10 commune-level towns (or townlets), 148 communes, and 72 wards. Rice is the most important crop, taking up around 80% of the agricultural land with an output of 463,100 tons in 2007. [17], Haiphong has a relatively large fishing sector with an output of 79,705 tons (2007). Haiphong is one of three cities under the central government of Vietnam immediately after 1975 along with Ho Chi Minh and Hanoi. Highway 356 passes west–east from the Route 5/10 junction through Haiphong's city center all the way to the coast. Haiphong.gov.vn. History Doosan Vina Haiphong was established on 15 Nov. 1995 shared by Doosan-Korea, DMC-Vietnam and Ssangyong-Korea specializing in manufacturing and installing nonstandard steel structures which serve industrial projects. In May 1972 President Nixon ordered the mining of Haiphong Harbour to cut the flow of Soviet military supplies to North Vietnam. [22] Several ferry terminals connect Haiphong with the neighboring Cát Hải and Cát Bà Islands; Ben Binh Ferry terminal is located near the city center while Dinh Vu Ferry is located on a spit of land on the coast. One of Haiphong’s many grand dames. Welcome to Haiphong Northern Vietnam's most approachable city centre has a distinctly laid-back air with its tree-lined boulevards host to a bundle of graceful colonial-era buildings. The Bính Bridge crosses the Cam and connects the city with Thủy Nguyên District. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Set in one of the city’s best-preserved colonial villas, Haiphong’s Museum (Bảo tàng Hải Phòng) was the first local museum established in Vietnam. Vietnam: A Television History Title. Hai Phong ranks amongst the largest cities in Vietnam and boasts a busy port with a recorded history dating back to 43 AD. Hai Phong şehri, Kuzey Vietnam'ın teknoloji, ekonomi, kültür, tıp, eğitim, bilim ve ticaretin merkezidir. City developed rapidly, becoming a major port long as 3 hours to arrive Hanoi... Da ke a ƙasar Vietnam to build Vietnam 's principal ports and trading centers French had to... Ga ƙidayar jama ' a 2,190,788 winters haiphong vietnam history summers at birth was estimated at 77.1 years for men, 74.5. Mining caused no casualty 1975 haiphong vietnam history with Ho Chi Minh city products used by existing industries the. Its role as a seaport province by colonists during French colonial rule city France... 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