Rudolph died in 1994 when she was just 54 years old. In 1977, she published her autobiography Wilma: The Story of Wilma Rudolph. In 1947, she began attending Clarksville all-black Burt High School, where she began playing basketball and ran track. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Wilma Rudolph was born on June 23, 1940 and died on November 12, 1994. Later in life, she formed the Wilma Rudolph Foundation to promote … After this, she set her mind on winning the gold medal at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Italy. Later in life, she formed the Wilma Rudolph Foundation to promote amateur athletics. Many people in her small town in Tennessee didn’t think such a tiny baby would live to see her first birthday, especially in a home with no electricity or running water. By the time she was twelve, Rudolph had learned to walk without the leg brace or other support. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Who was the first athlete to run the mile in less than 4 minutes? Born on June 23, 1940, in St. Bethlehem, Tennessee, Wilma Rudolph was a sickly child who had to wear a brace on her left leg. Later, Rudolph served as the U.S. State Department goodwill ambassador in West Africa and visited Ghana Guinea, Mali, and Upper Volta, where she attended several sporting events. Rudolphbegan playing basketball in 8th grade and continued to play at high school. In the Games themselves she won gold medals in the 100-metre dash (tying the world record: 11.3 seconds), in the 200-metre dash, and as a member of the 4 × 100-metre relay team, which had set a world record of 44.4 seconds in a semifinal race. Wilma Rudolph was born in St. Bethelem, a part of Clarksville, Tennessee, twentieth of twenty-two children of Ed and Blanche Rudolph. Dieter was born on July 5 1937, in Semmelsberg, Meißen, Dresden, Sachsen, Germany. I believe in me more than anything in … Rudolph, an African-American, won the 100 meter dash and the 200 meter dash and anchored the winning 400 meter relay team. Rudolph and her mother made weekly trips to Nashville for her treatments, and she received at-home massage treatments from her family members. Wilma Rudolph was a Olympian who participated in several events in track and field during the 1956 and 1960 Olympics. Wilma was the fifth of this second set of children. Astrological portrait of Wilma Rudolph (excerpt) Disclaimer: these short excerpts of astrological charts are computer processed. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. June 23, She was a premature baby and back then most premature babies didn't survive and she was not even 5 pounds as a newborn.She was often sick as a child with mumps, chicken pox, and coughs. Meet Wilma Rudolph, the remarkable sprinter and Olympic champion. Wilma Rudolph was born in 1940 in Bethlehem, Tennessee. They are, by no means, of a personal nature. Wilma Rudolph was born at Clarksville ,Tennessee in June 23, 1940. Rudolph was considered the fastest woman in the world in the 1960s and competed in two Olympic Games, in 1956 and in 1960. American athlete who won three gold medals at the 1960 Rome Olympics, winning the 100m, 200m, and 4 x 100m relay, becoming the first American woman to take home three gold medals in track and field at a single Games. She contracted polio in her early years and her doctors said she would never walk again. In 1973, Rudolph was inducted into the Black Sports Hall of Fame, and the following year in the U.S. National Track and Field Hall of Fame. She enrolled at Tennessee State University where she continued to compete in track. She lost the race, but it gave her … She moved several times and lived in Indiana, Saint Louis, Missouri, and Detroit. Rudolph was born into a large family, being the 20 th of her father’s 22 children. Wilma Rudolph born born in Bethlehem, Tennessee Jun 15, 1945. Rudolph’s diagnosis was very bleak, “my doctor told me I would never walk again. Wilma was born into a family with 22 brothers and sisters, in the segregated South. She was the 5th. Wilma Rudolph was born prematurely at 4.5 lbs., the 20th of 22 siblings; her father Ed was a railway porter and her mother Blanche a maid. What is the world’s oldest annual marathon? Besides her work as a teacher, Rudolph also worked with several non-profit organization and in government-sponsored projects to support athletic development among American children. In 1981, she established the Wilma Rudolph Foundation to train young athletes. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Wilma-Rudolph, BlackHistoryNow - Biography of Wilma Rudolph, BlackPast.org - Biography of Wilma Rudolph, USA Track and Field - Biography of Wilma Rudolph, Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture - Wilma Rudolph and the TSU Tigerbelles, African American Registry - Biography of Wilma Rudolph, Social Studies for Kids - Biography of Wilma Rudolph, National Women's History Museum - Biography of Wilma Rudolph, Wilma Rudolph - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Wilma Rudolph - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Wilma Rudolph sprinted to three gold medals at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, becoming the first woman from the United States to win three golds in one Olympics. Wilma Rudolph was born in 1940 in a poor home in Tennessee, USA. She was the 20th child of her father’s 22 children from two marriages. She won the AAU’s 1961 Sullivan Award as the year’s outstanding amateur athlete. Rudolph survived bouts of polio and scarlet fever. Olympic Gold Medalist 1940-1994. Due to her illness, she was initially homeschooled. Go for the gold in this track and field quiz. The couple divorced in 1963. She also had scarlet fever and contracted infantile paralysis from poliovirus when she was four. Wilma Glodean Rudolph (June 23, 1940 – November 12, 1994) was an American track and … “‘I can’t’ are two words that have never been in my vocabulary. After graduation, Rudolph married Robert Eldridge, her high school sweetheart, with whom she already had a daughter. Her father, Ed Rudolph, had eleven children by an earlier marriage, and had eight more with Wilma's mother, Blanche Rudolph. About . Rudolph’s first marriage was to William Ward in 1961. Her first major track event was Alabama’s Tuskegee Institute competitions. After retiring as a runner, Rudolph was an assistant director for a youth foundation in Chicago during the 1960s to develop girls’ track-and-field teams, and thereafter she promoted running nationally. She recovered, but wore a brace on her left leg and foot (which had become twisted as a result) until she was nine. She was working with the Job Corps program in Boston. She was born prematurely at 4.5 pounds and was the 20th of 22 siblings from her father’s two marriages. At birth she weighed only four-and-a-half pounds. She recovered from polio but lost strength in her left leg and foot. Dec 8, 1944. She, along her relay teammates, won the bronze medal. Rudolph began playing basketball in 8th grade and continued to play at high school. She was spotted by the track coach Ed Temple from Tennessee State. Wilma Glodean Rudolph was born on June 23, 1940 in Saint Bethlehem, Tennessee. Rudolph and Eldridge were married for 17 years until they divorced. She was born prematurely weighting just 2 kg in the poor, racially segregated South state. She was spotted by the track coach Ed Temple from Tennessee State. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. When she was born, she weighed only four and a half pounds. Her father, Ed Rudolph, had eleven children by a first marriage while his second marriage yielded eight more, of which Wilma was the fifth. In 1987 she became the DePauw University director of women’s track program. In 1983, she was inducted into the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame. She survived it, but lost the use of her left leg. Wilma passed away on month day 1992, at age 52. She lost the race, but it gave her encouragement to continue competing. She qualified to compete in the 200-meter individual event at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia. She retired from track competition when she was 22 years old. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). As a sophomore, Rudolph competed in the U.S. Olympic track and field team trials in Fort Worth and set the world record in the 200-meter race, which stood for eight years. After retiring, she continued her education at Tennessee State. Updates? The 20th of 22 children, she arrived prematurely, weighing only four and a half pounds. https://www.biography.com › video › wilma-rudolph-mini-biography-208646211… Wilma Rudolph, in full Wilma Glodean Rudolph, (born June 23, 1940, St. Bethlehem, near Clarksville, Tennessee, U.S.—died November 12, 1994, Brentwood, Tennessee), American sprinter, the first American woman to win three track-and-field gold medals in a single Olympics. Her strikingly fluid style made Rudolph a particular favourite with spectators and journalists. Almost every circumstance was stacked against Wilma Rudolph from the day she was born on June 23, 1940. First Name Wilma #1. Wilma Glodean Rudolph (June 23, 1940 - November 12, 1994) was an American track and field sprinter, who competed in the 100 and 200 meters dash. She won the gold medal in each of these events, becoming the first American woman to win three gold medals in a single Olympiad. Before Fame. As soon as she could walk, she was running and jumping. Cancer Runner #1. He knew that she is a natural athlete. At High School, she began competing in track, and in her sophomore year scored 803 points, setting a school record for girls’ basketball. Wilma Rudolph was born in 1940. Birthday: June 23, 1940 Date of Death: November 12, 1994 Age at Death: 54. Rudolph was considered the fastest woman in the world in the 1960s and competed in two Olympic Games, in 1956 and in 1960. Wilma married Dieter Rudolph. Wilma Glodean Rudolph was born on June 23, 1940 in a region of Tennessee known, at the time, as St. Bethlehem, which later became a part of Clarksville. Born on June 23, 1940, in St. Bethlehem, Tennessee, Wilma Rudolph was a sickly child who had to wear a brace on her left leg. Rudolph contracted infantile paralysis (caused by the polio virus) at age four. Wilma Glodean Rudolph (June 23, 1940 – November 12, 1994) was an American sprinter from Clarksville, Tennessee, who became a world-record-holding Olympic champion and international sports icon in track and field following her successes in the 1956 and 1960 Olympic Games. She was named to the National Track & Field Hall of Fame in 1974, the International Sports Hall of Fame in 1980, and the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame in 1983, in the first group of inductees. Wilma Glodean Rudolph (June 23, 1940 - November 12, 1994) was an American track and field sprinter, who competed in the 100 and 200 meters dash. His mother used to work from house to house while father used to work as coolie. Her determination to compete, however, made her a star basketball player and sprinter during high school in Clarksville, Tennessee. In 1960, before the Olympic Games at Rome, she set a world record of 22.9 seconds for the 200-metre race. She overcame her disabilities to compete in the 1956 Summer Olympic Games, and in 1960, she became the first American woman to win three gold medals in … Rudolph was sickly as a child and could not walk without an orthopedic shoe until she was 11 years old. As a child, Rudolph had poor health, and she often suffered from pneumonia. They had 2 children. Her autobiography, Wilma, was published in 1977. They later had three more children. Celebrities and Notable People Who Have Had Coronavirus. Wilma lived on month day 1994, at address. At age 16 she competed in the 1956 Olympic Games at Melbourne, Australia, winning a bronze medal in the 4 × 100-metre relay race. She graduated university in 1963, with a bachelor’s degree in education. Coronavirus Update. Wilma Rudolph - Biography . In the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Rudolph became the first American woman … He knew that she is a natural athlete. Wilma Glodean Rudolph (June 23, 1940 – November 12, 1994) was an American track and field sprinter, who competed in the 100 and 200 meters dash. Wilma was 54 years old at the time of death. She continued to train regularly under Temple and was raced in several amateur athletic events with TSU’s Women’s track team. Her mother was a maid in Clarksville. At the Olympic games, Rudolph was defeated with the heat in the 200-meter race but ran the third leg of the 4x100 m relay. Rudolph, an African-American, won the 100 meter dash and the 200 meter dash and anchored the winning 400 meter relay team. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Wilma Rudolph, in full Wilma Glodean Rudolph, (born June 23, 1940, St. Bethlehem, near Clarksville, Tennessee, U.S.—died November 12, 1994, Brentwood, Tennessee), American sprinter, the first American woman to win three track-and-field gold medals in a single Olympics. Wilma Luise Rudolph (born Dobler) was born on month day 1940, at birth place. 1940. She also competed at the Los Angeles Invitational indoor track meet, and New York Athletic Club’s track events. Born in 1940 #18. Wilma Rudolph (born June 23, 1940) is an American athlete. Her father Ed was a railway porter, who died in 1961. Her mother, Blanche, a housemaid, feared for Wilma's survival from the outset. She also made several media appearances, including the television game show To Tell the Truth and The Ed Sullivan Show. But Wilma surprised them all. She worked at the Cobb Elementary School and coached in Burt High School. After her retirement from track, Rudolph began working as a teacher and coach. She explained that she wanted to retire while at her athletic best and decided not to compete in the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan. She was a sickly child who had to wear a brace on her left leg. Born on June 23 #39. Shortly after her mother’s death in 1994, Rudolph was diagnosed with brain cancer. Runner #7. Wilma Rudolph sprinted to three gold medals at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, becoming the first woman from the United States to win three golds in one Olympics. Her father, Ed, worked as a railroad porter while her mother, Blanche, worked as a maid. Early Life Rudolph was born prematurely on June 23, 1940, in … When she was 4 years old, she had polio. Wilma Rudolph was an exceptional American track and field athlete who overcame debilitating childhood illnesses and went on to become the first American woman to win three gold medals in a single Olympics. Rudolph was considered the fastest woman in the world in the 1960s and competed in two Olympic Games, in 1956 and in 1960. During the Olympics, she was hailed as “The Tornado, the fastest woman on earth.” After the event, she became an international star. Wilma Rudolph, Self: ABC's Wide World of Sports. She became the youngest member of 1956 U.S. Olympic team. In the 1960 Summer Olympic games in Rome, Italy, Rudolph competed in three events- the 100 meter, 200-meter sprints and the 4x100 meter relay. She lived in Clarksville, Tennessee along with 11 siblings. Temple invited Rudolph to join the Tennessee State summer training program after she won the Amateur Athletic Union’s track meets all nine events. She attended Tennessee State University from 1957 to 1961. Wilma Rudolph: Wilma Rudolph was considered the fastest woman alive during her racing days. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 1959, Rudolph won the silver medal in the 100 m individual event at the Pan American Games in Chicago, Illinois and the gold medal in the 4x 100m relay. As one of 22 children, she was constantly surrounded by support and care, which she needed given her poor health. Wilma Rudolph. Her illness forced her to wear a brace on her leg. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Corrections? Omissions? But Wilma persisted with treatment, and she recovered her strength by the age of 12. She overcame her disabilities to compete in the 1956 Summer Olympic Games, and in 1960, she became the first American woman to win three gold medals in track and field at a single Olympics. When Rudolph was 16 years old, she attended the 1956 U.S. Olympic track and field trials in Seattle, Washington. She also qualified for the 100-meter race. Wilma Rudolph was an American sprinter who became a world-record-holding Olympic champion and international sports icon in track. Wilma Rudolph, American sprinter, the first American woman to win three track-and-field gold medals in a single Olympics, was born prematurely at 4.5 pounds (2.0 kg) on June 23, 1940, in Saint Bethlehem, Tennessee (now part of Clarksville, TN). Wilma Glodean Rudolph was born in Saint Bethlehem, Tennessee on June 23, 1940. At High School, she began competing in track, and in her sophomore year scored 803 points, setting a school record for girls’ basketball. One day, Wilma suddenly began to have severe leg pain, after which his family took him to the hospital for treatment, where he … He was a member of the North Carolina College Durham track team. American sprinter Wilma Glodean Rudolph was born on June 23, 1940, in Saint Bethlehem, Tennessee. Rudolph won the U.S.-Soviet meet at Stanford University in 100-meter and 4x100 relay races. This principle is valid for the 59,485 celebrities included in our database. Rudolph and her Olympic teammates competed in several events in Europe after the Olympic games, including the British Empire Games in London and meets in West Germany and the Netherlands. She had to wear a leg brace until she was eight years old. She was Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) 100-yard-dash champion (1959–62). Wilma Rudolph, the iconic Olympic sprinter, was born June 23, 1940, in St. Bethlehem. Wilma Rudolph is one such person who, despite being a Divyang, changed the word impossible to be possible. After her birth, the family moved to Clarksville, Tennessee where she spent the rest of her childhood and attended elementary and high school. When she turned 11 she visited the doctor's office again and was able to walk. Wilma Glodean Rudolph was born June 23, 1940, in Bethlehem, Tennessee, to a poor and very large family. 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