Lol – Lorelei is American, not Greek! As always, Wikipedia comes to the rescue. In January 1976, by government order, it became the official language of the state, replacing Katharevusa Greek (q.v.) Thank you. I found it fascinating, though sorry to hear some of it ended with people dying. It was thus that "Greek cultural leaders decided that the unity of the national language should be not only synchronic (geographical) but also diachronic (historical)". Demotic refers particularly to the form of the language that evolved naturally from Ancient Greek, in opposition to the artificially archaic Katharevousa, which was the official standard until 1976. Georgios Mistriotis regularly referred to katharevousa in 1908 as a bastion resisting external invasions and an anchor holding Greece steady, thus using metaphors of immobility, while the demoticists depicted the Greeks as thinking freely, dynamic and eager for action. Well, ancient Greek and Latin were cousins and Latin did borrow from Greek, so it relation is a little like English to French, but not like French to Latin. 1st century BC; Medieval Greek is the language of the Byzantine Empire and Modern Greek is Demotiki as spoken since the 19th century. sa (kä′thä-rĕv′o͞o-sä′) n. The puristic, archaizing form of Modern Greek, having morphological and lexical features borrowed from Koine. What is perhaps less known is that Modem Greek - the only language directly spawned from ancient Greek unlike the many romance languages deriving from Latin - is actually undergoing a kind of mini-renaissance. This took the form of a virulent controversy in the 19th century with strong political and ideological connotations. Katharevousa vs. Demotiki: the Unknown History of Modern Greek, https://www.cracked.com/article_17123_the-5-most-retarded-wars-ever-fought.html, Found: One of the First Books Ever Printed in England, The 37 Basic Plots, According to a Screenwriter of the Silent-Film Era, What's in a Face? Ever since the times of Koiné Greek in Hellenistic and Roman antiquity, there was a competition between the naturally evolving spoken forms of Greek on the one hand, and the use of artificially archaic, learned registers on the other. I’m going to share it in at least two places! SMG today incorporates many katharevousa elements. Nowadays you can still hear Katharevousa at church, where some priest or other will occasionally give a speech in a bastardized version of it. It was used officially until 1976, is still used in churches, and is a good Springboard to Ancient Greek. As nouns the difference between greek and demotic is that greek is nonsense writing or talk; gibberish while demotic is (linguistics) language as spoken by the common people. These include the war that started when someone sat on the wrong piece of furniture (“war of the golden stool”) and a ten-month-long war that started when someone chopped down a flagpole…. On this basis, professor Mackridge concluded, "the Modern Greeks would resemble the ancient Athenians. Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts.. searching for Demotic Greek 30 found (140 total) alternate case: demotic Greek Emmanuel Kriaras (528 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article He was a student of Jean Psychari and the practice and ideology of demotic Greek.Kriaras was born in Piraeus in Attica, Greece in 1906 and spent his Demotic Greek (language of the people) is the modern vernacular form of the Greek language, and refers particularly to the form of the language that evolved naturally from ancient Greek, in opposition to the artificially archaic Katharevousa, which was the official standard until 1976. I learned there was formal Latin, clergy Latin, and common Latin. The two complemented each other in a typical example of diglossia until the resolution of the Greek language question in favour of Demotic. No this and no that because…same reasons. I’ll just say, enjoy the torrent of compliments coming your way , Aw, thank you so much!! Use of the Demotic dialect in state speech and paperwork was forbidden. 12. Following Greece’s 1821 war of independence, a number of scholars led by Adamantios Korais rejected these influences and argued in favor of a return to a more classical language. ", http://www.helleniccomserve.com./contents.html. Thanks for the comment and welcome! Also, some dates for anyone not familiar with these: Homeric Greek is circa 9th century BC; Classical Greek is the Athenian Greek of 5th century BC; Hellenistic Greek was ca. What a succinct explanation of the two Greek forms. Your support means a lot. There was nothing inevitable about Katharevousa being abandoned. Finally, in 1982, the left came to power after more than 50 years, following a seven-year-long military junta (1967-1974). Scholars and laymen interested in this issue are anticipating with some trepidation a book currently being prepared by an academic who is a consummate speaker, writer and student of Modern Greek: Peter Mackridge, professor emeritus of Modern Greek at Oxford University. And the comments are as interesting as the post! There had always existed a tendency towards a state of diglossia between the Attic literary language and the constantly developing spoken Koine, which eventually evolved into Demotic Greek. The most dificcult in the understanding and the comprehension are the Homeric. The Greek language question (το γλωσσικό ζήτημα, to glossikó zítima) was a dispute about whether the language of the Greek people (Demotic Greek) or a cultivated imitation of Ancient Greek (katharevousa) should be the official language of the Greek nation. ), katharevousa won insofar as it continues to influence spoken and written Greek. The koine of the New Testament and early common era is clearly different from Classical (the move from second year to third was even worse that first (Classical) to second (Homeric)) and seems markedly different from either modern form or the stuff that ciruclated for a millennium in the Byzatine world. Even today, Cretan Greek has marked differences from, say, Corfiot Greek. Korais created, for instance, the word politismos for civilisation, while famelia became oikogeneia (family), kontrabando became lathremporio, ministros became ypourgos and so forth. The prestige of Korais had certainly something to do with this. However, a number of other scholars rebelled against Katharevousa and supported Demotiki (from “Demos,” or community – ie the language of the community). Right – I, too, mentioned the Koine ( aka Hellenistic ) in reply! Facts, Random Musings was the language itself had changed significantly through the ages 9th-century... 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